The American Civil War Was An International Affair – Kindly please R/T or Share #krnl_vic #ammarketing

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Did you know that there were other countries involved in the American Civil War besides the Union and Confederate States of America? Though it’s true that the actual combatants were overwhelmingly Americans, there were some foreign nationals that actually fought for both the North and South. Additionally some foreign countries also supplied support, and foremost among them was the support which the Confederacy received from Great Britain.

In 1861 Queen Victoria reigned over Great Britain, which in turn was the reigning geopolitical super-power in the world. The extent of British colonialism extended so far and wide that it gave rise to the phrase, “The sun never sets on the British Empire”, but colonialism implied imperialism… militarism… nationalism… and frequently war for the European powers, and war was costly in terms of lives and treasure.

Therefore with regard to the American Civil War, Great Britain declared itself officially politically neutral, as did France and other European countries. At the time the laws governing neutrality which were internationally observed included the British Foreign Enlistment Act of 1819 and the Treaty of Paris of 1856 which ended the Crimean War.  However the laws contained sufficient ambiguity and were difficult to enforce.

The Confederacy was indeed desperate, so well before the bombardment of Fort Sumter envoys were sent to London with the primary mission of persuading the British government to recognize the Confederate States of America as a sovereign nation, and to enter the civil war as an ally of the CSA.  Of course either would have resulted in war between Britain and the United States.

So the Confederacy decided to follow a course which the fledgling United States had employed during the American Revolution, whereby the American colonies, in no less a civil war, had secured an alliance with France. However the CSA had no Benjamin Franklin, and the envoys that were sent, especially in the beginning of the war, had little success in their mission. It wasn’t until the Confederacy sent James D. Bulloch to London with the money and the mission to acquire ships to serve in the virtually nonexistent Confederate Navy. Bulloch would become the principal and most successful Confederate “agent” in England.

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Bulloch grew up on his father’s plantation in Georgia in a family with a rich military history. He served for fifteen years in the US Navy before resigning his commission to join the Confederacy with the rank of commander. The Confederacy knew that they could never hope to match the US Navy’s numbers, so instead Bulloch’s mandate was to acquire ships capable of either piercing the Union blockade or designed as raiders to prey on American commercial shipping.

Shortly after his arrival in England, Bulloch soon entered into agreements with British ship builders, but there was a catch… the Foreign Enlistment Act also stated that because of England’s neutral status regarding the civil war, any contract for the construction of naval vessels in British shipyards for either North or South could not include equipment or fitting them out for war while the vessel was in England. However Bulloch shrewdly seized on the phrase “… while the vessel was in England”, and exploited this loophole by arranging to have a ship listed falsely for delivery to a foreign country with no name; the ship would be built without any cannon or shot and its use would be listed as commercial. After launch, the ship would be sailed to a clandestine port where she would rendezvous with another ship carrying all the necessary means to make war.

Bulloch’s most famous accomplishment was what became the CSS Alabama. Captained by the notoriously audacious Raphael Semmes, the Alabama was the most successful commercial raider of the civil war, having been credited with sixty-five prizes or ships sunk over a period of two years before she was sunk in battle by the USS Kearsarge off Cherbourg, France in 1864.

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Eventually, US spies and diplomats exposed the ruse de guerre but not before the war was decided, and Bulloch continued until the eleventh hour. His last ship was launched in January 1865, just months before the end of the war. Between his arrival in England in June 1861 and stationed there until the Confederacy collapsed, Bulloch was responsible for an astonishing seventy-one ships of various types, although some went unfinished or never put to sea before the end of the war. When the war ended Bulloch was not granted amnesty by the U.S. government, which considered him a spy. Had the South won the war, he would undoubtedly have been toasted as a hero. No one did more to obtain ships in the service of the Confederate Navy. He lived out his days in Liverpool and became a successful cotton importer until his death in 1901 at the age of seventy-seven.

If you’re interested in learning more about the story of “The Colonel and the Vicar” my book has now been published worldwide on Amazon and the Ingram/Spark distribution channels. In the United States, check it out at https://www.amazon.com/. Just search for the title, “The Colonel and the Vicar” in the “Books” category.

’til next time,

Ed

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Secession and the Civil War #krnl_vic #ammarketing

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Was secession legal in 1861? In order to answer that question then and now one would have to be an expert on U.S. Constitutional Law, and even then the interpretation of what’s written is not clear, providing for arguments in favor of secession as well as against. Indeed, that’s why we have the U.S. Supreme Court, and those folks usually don’t always agree either.

In the nineteenth century, the American Civil War became a referendum on slavery in the United States, but it didn’t start out that way, or at least neither North nor South would admit it. When secession came in 1861 Southern leaders like John C. Calhoun and Jefferson Davis argued that the Constitution was essentially a contract between sovereign states—with the contracting parties retaining the inherent authority to withdraw from the agreement. Southerners further argued that they had entered the Union voluntarily without coercion and that they should be allowed to likewise leave the Union and pursue their own self-determination.

U.S. President Abraham Lincoln argued that the Constitution was neither a contract nor an agreement between sovereign states, and rejected secession as unconstitutional based on Article 1 of the 10th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution that stated, “No State shall enter into any Treaty, Alliance, or Confederation”, but that the intent of that clause was really that “No State shall enter into any Treaty, Alliance, or Confederation <with another country with which the United States is at peace>”. No consideration by the founding fathers had been given to the prospect of a civil war.

So what did the Constitution say about states’ rights?

Amendment 10 of the Constitution states,

“The federal government possesses only those powers delegated to it by the United States Constitution. All remaining powers are reserved for the states or the people.”

Prohibition of secession by a state was not among the powers of the federal government in 1861. It’s not that the founding fathers didn’t think of it. In fact there was a strong movement to prohibit a state from secession as far back as the Constitutional Convention in 1787, but it was defeated on the grounds of state sovereignty and the fear that the use of force by the federal government would anger other states and ultimately contribute to the country’s own wholesale dissolution.

In 1861 popular sentiment, even among the Northern Democratic and Republican political parties, as well as most Northern newspapers, maintained the position that the Southern states should be allowed to secede peacefully. Moreover, both North nor the South were mistrustful of the federal government. How was the act of secession by the Southern States against the federal government, if based on tyranny and despotism by the federal government, any different from the rebellion of the American colonies in 1776?

Nevertheless, once U.S. President Lincoln knew that war was inevitable, he purposely waited until the South fired the first shot, which occurred when Fort Sumter was bombarded by Confederate forces on April 12, 1861 in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina. Fifteen days later on April 27th he issued the order to blockade the American coast from Maryland to Texas. The first major land battle of the war was First Bull Run or First Manassas if you were from the South, on July 21st. The war lasted four years and took the lives of 620,000 people, and though the North was victorious, the war did not crush the Southern belief in the natural right of self-determination, and vestiges of those beliefs endure in the present-day United States.

Having said that, what if the Southern states had been allowed to secede without strife? Socially, the old cultural order of the South would have been maintained, including slavery, but most Southerners didn’t own slaves. The greatest proportion of slaves were the property of a handful of very wealthy southern planters. The average Confederate soldier fought for his farm, his family, his comrades, and for the southern way of life, which he saw far differently from that of the industrialized North.

The economic differences between North and South were stark, with the largely agrarian South and the largely industrialize North, but that difference  would have been an economic advantage to both sides if the United States and the Confederate States had amicably become separate nations. As trading partners, one would have complemented the other economically. Perhaps most importantly, the South wouldn’t have become decimated and the rancor that grew from it between North and South and exists to this day as a result may have never developed.

Alas, slavery would have continued. Until 1862 the Confederacy had achieved victory after victory against Union troops. No one in the North continued to think that the war would be short and decisive in the Union’s favor. The Confederate government was building warships in England and trying to persuade the British to join the war on their side. Lincoln knew that he had to elevate the purpose of the war to the higher moral cause of slavery to ease the geopolitical pressure, but how could he make that move when the Union was losing the war? He got the chance in September, 1862, after the Battle of Antietam (also known as Mechanicsville in the South), near Sharpsburg, Maryland. Maryland was a border state which had not seceded from the Union, nor had slavery been abolished. This was a vicious battle, as more men were killed or wounded during the first twelve hours than on any other single day up until that time in American military history. Most military historians considered the outcome to be a draw in terms of men and materiel, but the Confederate forces under Robert E. Lee were forced to retreat back across the Potomac to Virginia. Had Lee been able to maintain his presence in Maryland, the capital at Washington D.C. would have been seriously threatened. Lincoln therefore declared Antietam a Union victory and seized on the opportunity to issue the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863.

The U.K. had virtually abolished slavery in 1833. Though there was great popular support for the Southern cause in the United Kingdom, the official position of the British government was to remain neutral, subject to the eclectic set of laws of the day. Britain’s prime minister Henry John Temple, known as Lord Palmerston, considered “the traffic in human flesh to be one of the world’s most despicable crimes”.

Without the occurrence of the Civil War, slavery would have continued, but for how long before it collapsed under its own moral weight, social pressures, and the coming industrial revolution? On the other hand, one might reasonably argue that for the slave, one more day was one too many, and that the war was therefore necessary.

 

Book Launch! “The Colonel and the Vicar” by Edward Rayner Published on Amazon – Kindly please R/T #krnl_vic #amwriting

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I’m happy to announce that my book “The Colonel and the Vicar” has been published on Amazon. If you’ve been following since I started posting about the timeline of creating the story, then you already know that this is not the typical book about the Civil War. It’s a book about two of my ancestors that were on opposite sides of the war… from opposite sides of the ocean… and how there lives intertwined with the historic events of their day. It also speaks to the considerable international influence on the war, particularly from the United Kingdom, an aspect of the war that doesn’t get much attention.

For any newbies, it is the story of Henry Martyn Tremlett, my great-great-granduncle, who became a captain in the Twentieth Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment (eventually, a colonel in the 39th Mass.), and Francis William Tremlett, my ancestral cousin, an Anglican priest who arguably became the foremost English collaborator with the Confederacy. Henry and Francis were first cousins to one another.

So it’s part genealogy, part biography, part history, and I hope, part entertaining.

If you’re interested in stories about the Civil War, check it out on Amazon.com. Just log in to your account and search for the title, “The Colonel and the Vicar” in the “Books” category. If you haven’t bought stuff online from Amazon, browse to amazon.com and create an account in order to make purchases.

Price of Print Book and Kindle EBook is the same… $19.99.

I’d like to thank everyone who provided support and encouragement during the development of “The Colonel and the Vicar”.

Even though the book’s finished, this blog will continue with future posts.

’til next time,

Ed

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#krnl_vic Book Cover Done! Please kindly retweet. #amwriting

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Hello campers! At long last the design for the cover of The Colonel and the Vicar has been finalized, and I’m happy to provide a “sneak peek” for all my followers on Facebook, Twitter, and LinkedIn.

The front cover, back cover, and spine is emblazoned with three flags that symbolize the story’s politics: the United States and Confederate States crossed together with the British Union Jack between them. If you’ve been following along, then you know that during the Civil War the U.K. built ships for the Confederacy, hence the Union Jack in the middle.

The front cover image is actually from a stock photo (i.e., inexpensive) that is supposed to depict Henry’s first battle experience with the 20th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment at the Battle of Ball’s Bluff in October, 1861, near Leesburg, Virginia. 1700 Union troops squared off against about the same number of Confederates and the Rebs scored a decisive victory largely due to a problem that plagued the Union army especially in the first two years of the war: poor generalship. Over 500 Yankee troops were taken prisoner, including the Twentieth’s regimental commander,  Colonel William Raymond Lee. Henry was not only fortunate to have survived but also lead some eighty men upriver where he paid $5 to a slave for a small boat that was used to ferry the men across the Potomac River to the safety of their camp in Maryland.

The back cover image is an actual painting of the “Duel Between the Kearsarge and the Alabama”. I was lucky to find the artist, Edward D. Walker, who makes his home in Liverpool. We struck up a conversation over the painting, as I’d noticed that the painting correctly replicated the result of the Kearsarge’s opening volley, which struck Alabama’s spanker-boom sending her naval battle ensign away into the wind. When I mentioned this to Ted, he explained in an email, “There are many reputable historians behind every painting I work on, in fact I would be lost without them. In 1987 a group of historians and enthusiasts  in the Liverpool & Cheshire area set up a charity to build a replica of the “Enrica” with the help of Cammell Laird’s who retained the plans and the builders model. I was appointed the official artist for the project and relied on guidance from the historians to paint the “Alabama” story. I was told of a quote made during the battle that a volley of shots blew the Confederate emblem away and a cheer rang out from the opponents”. I knew the exact quote because I had used it in the book: Kearsarge returned fire for the first time, and the first salvo “shot away Alabama’s spanker-gaff, and the Confederate Naval Ensign came down by the run. This was immediately replaced by another at the mizzen-mast-head” (from Memoirs of Service Afloat During the War Between the States, by Raphael Semmes, captain of the Alabama).

Up until finding Ted I was having a devil of a time finding an appropriate painting involving the Alabama without running into copyright issues. There were many paths that lead to dead ends, and I started to feel like I was never going to realize the design I wanted until persistence research finally paid off. It cost 200 English pounds but it was worth it.

As a final bit of historical irony, Ted’s wife Susan and her parents lived for a time in a house situated in Cambridge Road, Waterloo, about ten miles outside Liverpool. The house is still standing, and the occupier of the house during the Civil War was one James Bulloch, the Confederate agent who arranged for construction of the Alabama. Bulloch is just one of many interesting characters that is prominently featured in The Colonel and the Vicar as a close friend and collaborator with Father Frank.

This means that I’m within striking distance of publication. The book’s materials are all in CreateSpace’s hands (the primary network publishing platform that I use). Hopefully it’ll all be clean or require only minimal modifications.

That’s it for now. Feel free to browse my earlier posts and comment if you like.

Until next time I remain, yours truly…

Ed

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#krnl_vic Inexorably Lurches Toward Publishing #amwriting

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My book, “The Colonel and the Vicar”, has gotten past the significant obstacles of last month and is heading into the home stretch. Copyrights resolved, beta-readers are done, interior book file has been accepted by the book mill. Full cover should be ready in a week. Made new connections “across the pond”.

The only thing that I need to wait for is the copyright for the book from the federal government, and I’m not sure how long that’ll take because I didn’t copyright my first book. Thing is, one has to wait until the book is in final form because an electronic copy is required as part of the submission process, so one can’t arrange to get the copyright ahead of time.

Still, I must admit to a bit of excitement over a project that took more than two years in the making. I sometimes wondered if I’d ever finish. The book defies any single literary pigeonhole… the story uniquely combines historically accurate events, prose, and my personal ancestry in the persons of the main characters, Henry and Francis. Because the historical events are intertwined with their history, the story underscores the genesis and importance of those events, as well as the part that both men played on that stage of history. The scope of the Civil War is huge. Therefore in the case of Henry, the story includes descriptions of only the battles that he participated in. For Francis, though he was a non-combatant, the story includes his involvement in the espionage vis-à-vis Confederate naval operations which were greatly influenced by his collaboration with the South.

Until next time (not long I hope!) …

Ed

The Battle Between CSS Alabama and USS Kearsarge #krnl_vic #amwriting

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Hello, followers! The image above is entitled “Duel Between CSS Alabama and the USS Kearsarge”, and represents one of several riveting land and sea battles in my book, The Colonel and the Vicar.

British-built in 1862 under contract with the Confederate States of America, the Alabama was state of the art during a time when naval ship design was undergoing rapid change – the transition from sail to steam; the transition from wooden-hulled ships to ironclads; and ever-improving naval artillery. She was known as a “screw sloop”, so-named for the ship’s configuration of sail plus the addition of a steam-powered propeller for increased speed. When it wasn’t necessary, the propeller could be raised into a recess in the hull that streamlined the keel, thus eliminating drag, and conserving precious coal.

The Alabama’s captain was the audacious Raphael Semmes, who after a thirty-five year career in the US Navy, resigned his commission and offered his services to the Confederacy.

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As Captain of the Alabama, he wreaked havoc within Union commercial shipping, especially the vast Union whaling fleet, over the course of a two-year cruise. During that time this famed Confederate raider was credited with sixty-five prizes or ships sunk

The USS Kearsarge was also a screw-sloop commanded by James A. Winslow, an experienced captain with thirty-seven years’ experience in the U.S. Navy.

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Together with other Union ships, the Kearsarge had been dogging the Alabama all over the world’s oceans, but the Alabama proved to be elusive and always seemed to escape danger.

That was until June 19, 1864 when the two ships met in battle off the coast of Cherbourg, France.

The “Duel Between CSS Alabama and the USS Kearsarge” was created by noted British marine artist Edward D. Walker.

Until next time …

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St. Peter’s, Belsize Park, London – “Rebels’ Roost” #krnl_vic #amwriting

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Final edit of “The Colonel and the Vicar” should be ready soon. After that it’s off to the CreateSpace and Ingram self-publishing platforms, while at the same time the document goes to a small selection of “beta-readers”. There’s also the issue of the book cover, which I’ve been working on for over a month, and sad to say I’m running into copyright obstacles; nothing insurmountable, just looking for the best bang for my buck (Indie authors have to pay for everything). Still hoping to launch the book this April.

So why did I add the venerable Union Jack this time to the top of this post? I decided that this might be a good time to introduce a little more about my ancestral cousin, the Rev. Dr. Francis William Tremlett, or as I like to informally refer to him as, Father Frank, and the church that he founded in Belsize Park, a suburb of London.

Father Frank was an Anglican clergyman who grew up in the rough environment of the Newfoundland fisheries in the early nineteenth century. He eventually migrated to Boston but only spent a few years there. Father Frank was a no-nonsense guy, and he got into hot water when he tried to start a church in Boston without getting his bishop’s approval. After exchanging caustic letters, Father Frank left for Europe in the 1850’s to pursue further education. I have no doubt that living in Boston, the cradle of abolition, also had something to do with his leaving.

After receiving his first doctorate in 1852 from the University of Sachren in Germany, Father Frank was reunited with his wife Josephine, his mother Elizabeth, and sister Louisa in London whereupon he went about the business of establishing his church.

The construction and consecration of St. Peter’s was finished in 1859 and Father Frank received his incumbency in 1860. St. Peter’s today:

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After that the vicarage was constructed, a grand edifice overlooking a garden that would serve as the vicar’s personal living space as well as for his family members, but would also accommodate the many “visitors” from the Confederacy. It came to be known as “Rebels’ Roost”, and together with other homes in the neighborhood provided everything from shelter to lavish entertainment for anyone connected to the Southern cause, from General Robert E. Lee to the common sailor.

Father Frank was a charismatic cleric, and as word spread of his preaching, his flock eventually crossed boundaries of the Victorian social classes, as among them were members of the aristocracy, the upper mercantile and middle classes, evangelicals, as well as orthodox parishioners. Church attendance grew so quickly that it quickly outstripped the capacity of St. Peter’s, and special galleries had to be constructed to accommodate the overflow.

During the early war years, as the South enjoyed victory after victory, Father Frank railed against the Union and tried to influence the British government to recognize the Confederate States of America as a new nation; later, when the fortunes of war turned against the South, beginning with Antietam and certainly in the wake of Gettysburg, the theme of his sermons emphasized ending the “fratricidal war in America”.

After the war Father Frank remained an “unreconstructed rebel”, and he helped raise funds to establish the University of The South at Sewanee, Tennessee, from which he received an honorary doctorate. As a further expression of gratitude, one of the first buildings erected there was Tremlett Hall, and there is a Tremlett Spring which still exists today.

Despite advancing age, Father Frank remained socially and politically active,  forming the Institutes for Working Lads in 1899 (at age 80), a program for boys and young men having little or no means of financial support, by which they might apprentice to a trade and thereby improve their lot in life. Reverend Tremlett is also credited later in 1907 with establishing at his own cost and superintending a free hostel for men who wished to devote their lives to the ministry of the Anglican Church.

Father Frank lived long enough to celebrate his jubilee (50th anniversary) at St. Peter’s with an admiring congregation. He died “in harness”, having delivered his last sermon two weeks before his death on June 11, 1913 at the age of 92.

I Doth Protest! #amwriting #krnl_vic

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 Last night I watched a production of the civil war on cable station AHC (American Heroes Channel) called “The Civil War”. I was especially interested that the series prominently featured the 20th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment, an important subject of my forthcoming book, “The Colonel And The Vicar”.

However I was quickly disturbed by inconsistencies in the portrayal of the regiment, particularly at Ball’s Bluff and during the Peninsula Campaign. The story was told by re-enactors who portrayed Lt. Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. and Lt. Henry Abbott. These were not the men who led the Twentieth at Ball’s Bluff. Holmes was first lieutenant to Captain Henry Tremlett, Company A; Abbott was first lieutenant to Captain William Bartlett. The Captains (of course) were the ones initially in charge of covering a retreat across the top of the bluff.

The Twentieth was joined by the Fifteenth Massachusetts, 42nd New York and 1st California regiments. The battle lasted about 12 hours, from dawn to dusk. Holmes was indeed wounded at the outset of the retreat and carried from the field to a hospital. It’s also true that it was a debacle for the Union and the Confederates won in a rout.

There was nowhere to retreat; just a hundred foot drop down Ball’s Bluff where hundreds of men tried to burrow into the dirt. Others were not so lucky. The four meager boats that were used to transport reinforcements were now quickly swamped or shot to pieces. Some men tried to swim. Some drowned. All true. Some were shot in the water (they left that out). Bodies floated down the Potomac as far as the Capital (true).

They also left out the part of the Battle of Ball’s Bluff where Captain Tremlett, Captain Bartlett, Lieutenant Abbott, and  Lieutenant Whittier led 80 Union survivors up the Potomac shore at nightfall until they found a boat, whereupon they transported all the men back to the safety of the Maryland side of the Potomac. Tremlett and Bartlett went last. Tremlett wrote in a letter home, “About 9½ p.m. we all got across and shall not very soon forget my moonlight paddle across the Potomac.”. (according to Letters of Nathan Hayward, MD, surgeon, 20th Mass., in Reports, Letters & Papers Appertaining to 20th Mass. Vol. Inf by Association of Officers of the 20th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, 1868, Boston Public Library Rare Books Collection, 1:347–348).

The numbers were pretty close. Union casualties numbered over 1,000, including 223 killed, 226 wounded, and over 550 captured or missing; but they didn’t even mention that the revered (no pun intended) Colonel William Raymond Lee, commander of the Twentieth was among those taken prisoner and spent time in the infamous Libby prison.

I know that they usually warn you about “fictionalized” accounts, but if you’re shootin’ for authentic, leave things like the civil war alone unless you hire better researchers.

If you’re interested in the true story of Captain Tremlett and the Twentieth Massachusetts at Ball’s Bluff and the Peninsula Campaign, you might be interested in my forthcoming book, “The Colonel and The Vicar” (currently in final edit). I hope to have it published and on the market by Spring.

Join the blog and follow me along the wonderful road of self-publishing until the day I tell ya it’s “on Amazon”.

Careful out there…

E.M.R.

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#krnl_vic is back from the editor and I #amwriting

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Great milestone to have received my editor’s response to “The Colonel and The Vicar”. All in all, not bad, but I’ve gotta re-write a few sections, not so much for content but for style; some issues with copyrights to also resolve. Found out that “General Domain” is not entirely true all the time, so I’m chasing the originators of some civil war art that I want to use in the book cover design. Not sure yet but I may have to resubmit to the editor for a final pass… I’ll have to wait and see how confident I am in the changes.

krnl_vic is the story of Colonel Henry Tremlett’s journey through four years of war and the land battles in which he participated, but also about the Reverend Francis Tremlett’s escapades as the vicar of St. Peter’s in Belsize Park outside London. “Father Frank” was raised in Newfoundland and developed a life-long love of the sea, and, coupled with the Confederacy’s need for ships, it’s came as no surprise that he played a vital role that involved many Confederate navy men.

Probably the most famous was Captain (later Admiral) Raphael Semmes,

Raphael_Semmes2He was an audacious sea captain, hated all Yankees, and yes, he was brutally handsome, but I don’t want to give away too much of the book. Of all his commands, the most celebrated was that of the Confederate raider CSS Alabama, a stunning example of what was nineteenth century state of the art English shipbuilding. This is what she looked like before she was “weaponized” in the Portuguese Azores:

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I think they call ships “she” because they have all the curves in the right places!

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The Main Characters #krnl_vic #amwriting

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Hello faithful followers! While “The Colonel and The Vicar” is still with my editor, I would like to take this opportunity to introduce the two main characters in the book. The first is my great-great-uncle, Lt. Col. Henry Martyn Tremlett. Here’s what he looked like shortly after joining the 20th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry as a captain and commanding officer of Company A.

HenryAsCaptainHenry was part of a large family that lived in Dorchester, MA, and worked in his father’s successful merchant shipping business before the war. One of Henry’s sisters, Cordelia, married my great-great-grandfather, Charles L. Rayner. Marie thinks that “Henry was a hunk”.

The other main character is my first cousin (four generations removed) and Henry’s first cousin, Francis William Tremlett. “Frank” grew up in Twillingate, Newfoundland where he initially became an Anglican missionary to the local eskimos that lived there. Father Frank would travel from Newfoundland to briefly live in Boston before taking ship to England where he would settle permanently and found the Church of St. Peter’s in Belsize Park outside London.

PixOfTheVicar1860_1870_cropped&resized He was the principal English collaborator with the Confederate States of America. Regrettably, the quality of this photograph is about the best I could find. The dearth of photographs of the Reverend Francis may owe to anecdotal evidence that I was told that many of his papers were destroyed after the end of the civil war. He was a true renaissance man who was well-travelled, could speak multiple languages, held four doctorates (including one of Doctor of Divinity), and had a voice and style that could really hold ’em in the pews on Sunday.

‘Til next time ….

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